This interdiscplinary study blends textual analysis with social history to chart the intellectual and artistic ferment of Depression-era America. It explores the fiction, drama and film produced during the decade by socially conscious intellectuals who struggled to create a uniquely American art. Challenged by a public more exposed to comic strips and tabloids than to serious artistic creativity, these writers and cinematographers used the techniques of modernism and muckraking to fashion works that would be experimental without being insular and would inspire the public to social activism. Browder first considers authors James T. Farrell, Josephine Herbst and John Dos Passos, arguing that their work successfully sparked a discussion about what it meant to be American at a time when the country's very future seemed in doubt. She then examines the Living Newspaper productions of the Federal Theatre Project, which brought politically and aesthetically provocative drama to 25 million Americans. In a final chapter, she examines social films of the period, focusing on Paramount's 1939 production of "One-Third of a Nation".